“Indigenous imprisonment rates in Australia are unacceptably high. Nationally, Indigenous adults are 13 times more likely to be imprisoned than non-Indigenous people1 and Indigenous juveniles are 28 times more likely to be placed in juvenile detention than their non-Indigenous counterparts.2
Justice reinvestment is not just about reforming the criminal justice system but trying to prevent people from getting there in the first place.
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Justice reinvestment is a model that has as much in common with economics as social policy. Justice reinvestment asks the question: is imprisonment good value for money? The simple answer is that it is not. We are spending ever increasing amounts on imprisonment while at the same time, prisoners are not being rehabilitated, recidivism rates are high and return to prison rates are creating overcrowded prisons.” (Social Justice Report 2009)
At 30 June, 2016, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait imprisonment rate (prisoners per 100,000 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population):
• increased from 2,253 at 30 June, 2015 to 2,346. The non-Indigenous imprisonment rate increased from 146 to 154 prisoners per 100,000 non-Indigenous population.
• increased in every jurisdiction except South Australia.
• was highest in Western Australia (3,997), followed by the Northern Territory (2,914). (Table 19)
• when age standardised, was 13 times greater than the age standardised imprisonment rate for non-Indigenous persons (2,039 compared to 163). (Table 16). (Australian Bureau of Statistics abs.gov.au – 4517.0 – Prisoners in Australia, 2016 )